Concise weekly reviews of contemporary research trusted by clinicians worldwide to improve patient care.

RRS Education Research Review Team

If you have a passion for research, knowledge of research methodology and are a proficient writer, CONTACT SHAWN about joining the team.
Dr. Shawn Thistle Dr. Shawn Thistle B. Kin. (Hons.), DC, Medical Acupuncture, ART®, C.S.C.S, F.R.®
Founder & CEO RRS Education

Shawn is a chiropractor, conference and seminar speaker, knowledge-transfer leader, educator, entrepreneur and medicolegal consultant. He has been in practice since 2004. From 2004 until August 2016 he was Associate Clinic Director at SHAPE Health & Wellness Centre Toronto where he led a multidisciplinary team of health professionals including chiropractors, physiotherapists, registered massage therapists, nutritionists and strength and conditioning specialists. He currently sees only private patients.

As a practicing clinician himself, Shawn ensures that RRS Education (Research Reviews, Seminars & Online Courses) provides practical insight into the rational application of current scientific research to clinical practice. Practitioners are faced with the daunting task of staying abreast of emerging research as the volume of evidence-based information grows. Research Reviews help bridge this gap by providing weekly reviews of current scientific articles to subscribers in 15+ countries!

In 2012 Shawn created RRS Education Seminars (The Epicurean Scholar) offering continuing-education seminars for chiropractors and physiotherapists. Courses are offered at premiere locations with gourmet food and wine experiences for attendees.

Fall of 2013 saw the launch of another new service developed by Dr. Thistle. RRS Education Online Continuing-Education Courses offering affordable and topical credit-hour courses, based on existing reviews in the Reviews database, to be utilized from the comfort of home or office.

Since graduating from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Shawn has remained there as a part-time faculty member, lecturing in the Dept. of Orthopedics. As a lecturer and public speaker, he blends contemporary research with his entrepreneurial business acumen and experience in clinical practice to provide passionate, high-energy presentations on topics relating to Chiropractic and Manual Medicine.
Dr. Kent Stuber Dr. Kent Stuber DC, BSc, MSc

Dr. Kent Stuber obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Cellular, Molecular & Microbial Biology from the University of Calgary before attending Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College where he graduated Magna Cum Laude with Clinic Honours in 2002. Dr. Stuber graduated in January, 2008 from the University of Sheffield with a Master of Science degree in Health and Social Care Research. Dr. Stuber has maintained a full time practice in Calgary since 2002.

Dr. Stuber has published original and review articles in several peer-reviewed journals including the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, Chiropractic & Osteopathy and Clinical Chiropractic, among others, on a variety of topics including football injury prevention, pre-natal chiropractic care, plantar fasciitis, diagnosis of sacroiliac joint injuries, research methods and chiropractic continuing education.

Kent is an editorial board member of the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association and has served as a peer reviewer for the JCCA and the Association of Chiropractic Colleges Research Agenda Conference. He is a post-graduate faculty member at the University of Bridgeport Chiropractic College (UBCC) and has written online postgraduate courses for UBCC and CMCC.

Most importantly, Dr. Stuber is the proud dad of Morgan Alexander Stuber and proud husband of Dr. Caterina Lerede.
Dr. Michael Haneline Dr. Michael T. Haneline BA, DC, MPH, FICR

Dr. Haneline attended the University of Nebraska and graduated from Southern California University of Health Sciences–Los Angeles College of Chiropractic with Bachelor of Arts and Doctor of Chiropractic degrees. He also earned a Master of Public Health degree from Independence University–California College for Health Sciences. In addition, he is a graduate of the Los Angeles College of Chiropractic Orthopedics program, and is a Fellow in the Institute of Chiropractic Research (FICR).

Dr. Haneline practiced chiropractic for nearly 30 years and has been involved in education and research since the early 1980’s. He conducted spinal biomechanics research with Chung Ha Suh, PhD, taught continuing education courses for the Motion Palpation Institute, and was the associate director of the Spine Research Institute of San Diego. Dr. Haneline was a professor in the department of research at Palmer College of Chiropractic West where he also taught courses in evidence-based practice. Immediately before joining UWS, he was the Head of the chiropractic program at the International Medical University.

Dr. Haneline has authored numerous articles which have appeared in peer-reviewed and professional journals and is the author/editor of two textbooks entitled Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice and An Introduction to Public Health in Chiropractic, both by Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

He is the Chair-elect of the Chiropractic Health Care Section of the American Public Health Association. Awards include the Distinguished Service Award (2001) from the American College of Chiropractic Orthopedists, the Distinguished Service Award (2011) from the Chiropractic Health Care Section of the American Public Health Association, and the Most Outstanding Paper Award (2011) from the Chiropractic Journal of Australia.

Dr. Stephen Burnie Dr. Stephen Burnie BSc (Hon), DC, CAFCI, MSc

Dr. Burnie is a chiropractor practicing at a busy multidisciplinary health clinic in Toronto. Stephen received his Doctor of Chiropractic at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College and was trained in acupuncture at the Acupuncture Foundation of Canada Institute (AFCI).

In addition to practice, Stephen has a strong interest in research. He earned his Master of Science in Rehabilitation Science at McMaster University in Hamilton, where he was named a Strategic Training Fellow in Rehabilitation Research by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and Research Fellow by the Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research (FCER) for 2005 – 2007.

Stephen is a team member of the McMaster HaNSA (Hand, Neck, Shoulder and Arm) research group with a personal research interest in neck pain. He is currently working on several projects investigating optimal treatments for mechanical neck disorders. Stephen is also a member of the Cervical Overview Group (COG), which prepares systematic reviews in the area of neck pain for the Cochrane Collaboration and other journals.
Dr. Robert Rodine Dr. Robert Rodine BSc, DC, FCCS (C)

Dr. Robert Rodine recieved a BSc. in Human Kinetics from the University of Ottawa in 2003, his Doctor of Chiropractic from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC) in 2007 and continued with Graduate Studies at CMCC studying Clinical Sciences until 2009.

Dr. Rodine received his Fellowship with the College of Chiropractic Sciences in 2012.

Robert's research interests centre with case studies focusing on unique clinical judgment, systematic reviews of clinical interventions, and the informal processes surrounding health-care education and clinical decision making.

Robert currently practices in Smiths Falls, Ontario.
Dr. Jeff Cubos Dr. Jeff Cubos BPHE, MSc, DC, ICSSD, CSCS

Originally from Toronto, Dr. Cubos holds a Bachelors degree in Physical Education and Health and a Masters of Science degree in Kinesiology. Upon his graduation from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Dr. Cubos entered and completed the College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada) post-graduate residency program with specialized research in the field of hockey-related concussions.

Dr. Cubos has held teaching positions at York University, Seneca College, and the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, and has been a strong contributor to his profession through multiple journal publications and presentations at the Ontario Injury Prevention Conference, the Fifth International Symposium on Safety in Ice Hockey, and the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic Symposium (FICS).

Having a passion for working with elite athletes, Dr. Cubos has worked in numerous sporting events including the OHL Cup, Ironman USA Triathlon, Canadian National Lacrosse Championships, Canadian National Track and Field Championships / Olympic Trials, and most recently as the head doctor of Team Canada at the World Jewish Ice Hockey Championships held in Metula, Israel.

Jeff is also certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist through the National Strength and Conditioning Association NSCA-USA, holds the International Chiropractic Sports Science Diploma through FICS, and currently maintains a full-time practice with his wife in Spruce Grove, Alberta.
Dr. Paul Nolet DC, MS, MPH, FCCSS(C) (Special Guest Contributor)

Dr. Paul Nolet graduated from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College in 1983. He completed his postgraduate studies in 1989 becoming a Fellow of the College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada). In 2006 he completed the International Chiropractic Sport Science Diploma.

Dr. Nolet has a Master of Science degree in Sport Health Sciences from Life University and a Master of Public Health degree in Health Studies from Lakehead University. Research for his thesis was completed at Toronto Western Hospital at the Centre of Research Expertise in Improved Disability Outcomes (CREIDO).

Paul has published several articles in journals such as the European Spine Journal, Pain and the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. He has practiced as a chiropractor in Ontario and spent over 4 years practicing in the Medical Centre in Harare, Zimbabwe. Dr. Nolet currently practices as a chiropractor in a multidisciplinary clinic which includes Orthopaedic Surgeons, a Physical Medicine Specialist, Physiotherapists and Massage Therapists.
Dr. Paul BrunoDr. Paul Bruno DC, PhD (Special Guest Contributor)

Paul Bruno graduated from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College in 2004. He was a research fellow at the Anglo-European College of Chiropractic in the United Kingdom from 2004-8, during which time he was awarded the Elsevier International Post-Graduate Research Prize in 2005, 2006 and 2007 before receiving his PhD from the University of Portsmouth.

Following his fellowship, he served as a Lecturer at the Anglo-European College of Chiropractic for two years. Since 2010, he has held an appointment as Assistant Professor and CCRF Research Chair in Neuromusculoskeletal Health in the Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies at the University of Regina.

His research program focuses on rehabilitative exercise therapy targeted at restoring optimal neuromuscular control strategies (i.e., movement patterns, muscle activation patterns) in patients with low back pain. The current aims of this research program are to investigate: 1) the diagnostic utility of clinical tests that are used to assess for the presence of neuromuscular control deficits in the lumbopelvic region, 2) the neuromuscular control parameters demonstrated by patients during these tests and their relationship to those demonstrated during functional activities (e.g., gait), and 3) the association between test findings and empirical measures of spinal stiffness and spinal stability.
Dr. Daniel AvrahamiDr. Daniel Avrahami BPHE, DC, MSc

Dr. Avrahami is a chiropractor practicing at several busy multidisciplinary clinics which focus on mobility and lower-extremity pathology. Daniel completed his undergraduate training from Queen’s University and received his Doctor of Chiropractic at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

He is a strength and conditioning specialist and has been trained in acupuncture and several soft-tissue therapies.

In addition to practice, Daniel has a strong interest in research. He earned his Master of Science in Biomechanics at McMaster University in Hamilton and is completing his sports specialty training through the Royal College of Chiropractic Sports Sciences (Canada). Daniel is a member of the McMaster Chiropractic Working Group and continues to be actively involved in various research projects.

Dr. Jeff Muir MSc, DC, MSc (Clin Epi)Dr. Jeff Muir

Dr. Jeff Muir is a chiropractor and clinical epidemiologist, attaining Masters degrees in Medical Science and Health Research Methodology from McMaster University, in addition to his DC degree, received from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

He is a former faculty member at CMCC and a CIHR-funded Research Fellow in the Department of Nuclear Medicine at McMaster. Jeff practices part-time in a multidisciplinary sports medicine clinic in Hamilton and works with the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos) research group at McMaster, investigating preventative measures and the socioeconomic burden associated with osteoporosis.

His research interests include systematic reviews, meta-analyses and health technology assessments, with a focus on osteoporosis-related fracture prevention.

Demetry AssimakopoulosDr. Demetry Assimakopoulos DC, Sp. Hons. BA, CSEP-CEP, Medical Acupuncture, FR ®, Dip. CAPM

Dr. Assimakopoulos received his specialized honours undergraduate degree from York University in 2008. Concurrently, he earned a specialty in Fitness Assessment and Exercise Counseling, and the title of Certified Exercise Physiologist (CEP) through the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP).

In 2009, he was accepted to the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC). Upon graduating from CMCC in 2012, he joined a busy private practice in Midtown Toronto, where he offers manual therapy, rehabilitation and acupuncture to a variety of clients ranging from elite athletes to the general population.

In 2014, Demetry developed a special interest in chronic pain management, when he became the Clinical Coordinator for the University Health Network (UHN) Comprehensive Integrated Pain Program at The Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. In the hospital setting, Demetry works with a team of physicians, nurses, occupational therapists and physiotherapists to adequately diagnose and manage chronic pain.

In 2015, he achieved his diplomat in chronic pain management through the Canadian Academy of Pain Management. In 2017, Demetry plans to begin a graduate level Certificate in Pain Management through the University of Alberta, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Ceara Higgins BKin, DCDr. Ceara Higgins

Dr. Ceara Higgins currently practices at The Badminton and Racquet Club of Toronto in mid-town Toronto and Ashbridges Health Centre on Queen Street East, Toronto, ON.

Dr. Higgins graduated from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC).

Ceara also holds a certificate in Acupuncture from CMCC and a Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology from Acadia University where she specialized in health and wellness and physical activity for individuals with special needs.

Ceara completed a year-long internship through CMCC at the Muki Baum Childrens' Centre where she was responsible for performing musculoskeletal evaluations, preparing and implementing rehabilitation programs, and providing chiropractic treatment to children with special needs. She has a particular interest in prenatal, postnatal, paediatric care, and acupuncture; areas which she will focus on for Research Review Service.
Dr. Joseph Brence DPT (AAOMPT Candidate)Joe Brence
Joseph Brence is a Physical Therapist and clinical researcher from Pittsburgh, Pa. He is a 2009 graduate of Duquesne University and is currently a fellowship candidate with the American Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapists (AAOMPT) through Sports Medicine of Atlanta.

Joseph's primary clinical interests involve a better understanding of the neuromatrix and determining how it applies to Physical Therapy practice. He is currently involved in a wide range of clinical research projects investigating topics such as the effects of verbalizing of pain, the effects of mobilizing vs. manipulating the spine on body image perception and validation of a instrument which will assess medical practitioners understanding of pain.

Clinically, Joseph treats a wide range of painful conditions in an outpatient setting including Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, etc. In addition, he runs the BLOG, is a topic expert for and writes monthly research reviews for SportEx Medicine.

Joseph is married to Kristen, and enjoys spending Sunday's watching the Steelers.
Dr. Keshena MalikDr. Keshena Malik BSc (Hons), DC, MSc

Dr. Malik is co-owner and practices at Upper James Wellness Clinic, a busy multidisciplinary clinic in Hamilton. Keshens is also owner and clinic director of Mobile Orthotic Depot, providing mobile chiropractic services to her local community. Dr. Malik earned her honours Bachelor of Science degree from McMaster University, her Doctor of Chiropractic from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC) in 2009 and was trained in contemporary medical acupuncture from McMaster University.

In addition to practice, Keshena has a passion for research and contributing to evidence-based patient management. She pursued her graduate studies at McMaster University earning her Master of Science in Rehabilitation Sciences in 2013 collaborating with both McMaster University and CMCC on her thesis.

Dr. Malik is a member of the McMaster Chiropractic Working Group and is involved in collaborating on publications in peer-reviewed journals. She aims to ensure the highest standards of professional practice, quality of care and outcomes for her patients.

Dr. Brynne Stainsby Dr. Brynne Stainsby BA, DC, FCCS(C)

Dr. Stainsby originally studied Kinesiology at The University of Western Ontario, before her acceptance into the Doctor of Chiropractic program at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. Following her graduation in 2009, she continued her education in the department of Graduate Education and Research Programs at CMCC, and completed her Clinical Sciences Residency in 2011. In 2012, she successfully completed the College of Chiropractic Sciences Fellowship exam, and currently serves on the Executive of the FCCS(C).

Brynne has a strong interest in research and has published in several peer-reviewed journals, and has served as a peer-reviewer for journals and conferences including the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, The Spine Journal and the Association of Chiropractic Colleges Research Agenda Conference.

She is a faculty member of CMCC, teaching in the SIM lab and campus clinic, and practices in Orangeville, ON. Outside of her practice, she works with hockey teams serving as a team doctor in the GTHL during the season, and working with professional players during the summer. She aims to use these clinical experiences and research skills to provide evidence-based, patient-centered care.

paul-hrkalDr. Paul Hrkal ND

Dr. Hrkal is a board-certified Naturopathic physician and is an active member of the Canadian and Ontario Associations of Naturopathic doctors. He also is a member of the Oncology Association of Naturopathic Physicians.

Paul is an expert in nutrition and supplemental treatments and has additional training and certification in intravenous and injection therapy. He has a special interest in the application of advanced functional and nutritional medicine in cancer care, brain health and chronic pain.

He also is strong advocate of integrative medical education and lectures regularly to both healthcare practitioners and public audiences across Canada. He has also written numerous articles for natural health magazines and peer reviewed publications.

Dr. Hrkal is currently a medical advisor for Advanced Orthomolecular Research and maintains a clinical practice in Mississauga and in Vaughan at an integrative medical clinic.
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Dr. Colin O'BrienDr. Colin O’Brien ND

Dr. O’Brien is a board-certified Naturopathic Doctor with a strong focus on clinical nutrition, nutritional supplementation and sports medicine.

After completing a degree in Kinesiology at Western University, he attended the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (CCNM) to further his study of the human body and health.

Colin is currently practicing in Waterloo ON and acting as a medical advisor for Advanced Orthomolecular Medicine.

Dr. O’Brien lectures regularly to public and professional audiences, while maintaining his passion for research and writing.
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  • Dr. Dana J. Lawrence D.C., M.Med.Ed.
  • Dr. Jeffrey J. Hebert DC, PhD(c), DACBSP, C.S.C.S
  • Dr. Stanley N. Bacso DC, FACO, FCCO(C)
  • Gary Maguire, M.Sc., P.T.
  • Dr. Laurie Hung BSc, DC, MSc
  • Kevin Neeld BSc, MS, C.S.C.S.
  • Lyndsay Foisey CK, B.A. (Hons.), M.Sc.
  • Novella Martinello BA (Hons), MSc
  • Erin Haske B Sp Sci (Hons), CSCS
  • Jessica Sleeth BPHE, BA, MPH
  • Christopher Howard MS, NSCA-CPT, C.S.C.S.

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